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Italian

Comparison table of Italian letters and hangul

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Consonants

LetterHangul: before vowelHangul: before consonant or word-finalExamples
bbbeuBologna 볼로냐 Bollonya, bravo 브라보 beurabo.
ck, ㅊ chkeuComo 코모 Komo, Sicilia 시칠리아 Sichillia, credo 크레도 keuredo.
chkPinocchio 피노키오 Pinokio, cherubino 케루비노 kerubino.
dddeuDante 단테 Dante, drizza 드리차 deuricha.
fppeuFirenze 피렌체 Pirenche, freddo 프레도 peuredo
gg, ㅈ jgeuGallileo 갈릴레오 Gallille’o, Genova 제노바 Jenoba, gloria 글로리아 geulloria.
hhanno 안노 anno, oh 오 o.
lr, ㄹㄹ lllMilano 밀라노 Millano, largo 라르고 rareugo, palco 팔코 palko.
mmmMacchiavelli 마키아벨리 Makiabelli, mamma 맘마 mamma, Campanella 캄파넬라 Kampanella.
nnnNero 네로 Nero, Anna 안나 Anna, divertimento 디베르티멘토 dibereutimento.
pppeuPisa 피사 Pisa, prima 프리마 peurima.
qkquando 콴도 kwando, queto 퀘토 kweto.
rrreuRoma 로마 Roma, Marconi 마르코니 Mareukoni.
ssseuSorrento 소렌토 Sorento, asma 아스마 aseuma, sasso 사소 saso.
ttteuTorino 토리노 Torino, tranne 트란네 teuranne.
vbbeuVivace 비바체 Bibache, manovra 마노브라 manobeura.
zchnozze 노체 noche, mancanza 만칸차 mankancha.

Vowels

LetterHangulExamples
aaabituro 아비투로 abituro, capra 카프라 kapeura.
eeerta 에르타 ereuta, padrone 파드로네 padeurone.
iiinfamia 인파미아 inpamia, manica 마니카 manika.
oooblio 오블리오 obeullio, poetica 포에티카 po’etika.
uuuva 우바 uba, spuma 스푸마 seupuma.

Transcription of Italian

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Follow the table and transcribe according to the following specificities.

  1. ‘gl’
    • Before ‘i’, write as ㄹㄹ ll, and otherwise write as 글ㄹ geull.
      • paglia 팔리아 pallia
      • egli 엘리 elli
      • gloria 글로리아 geulloria
      • glossa 글로사 geullosa
  2. ‘gn’
    • Combine with the following vowel and write as 냐 nya, 녜 nye, 뇨 nyo, 뉴 nyu, 니 ni.
      • montagna 몬타냐 montanya
      • gneiss 녜이스 nyeiseu
      • gnocco 뇨코 nyoko
      • gnu 뉴 nyu
      • ogni 오니 oni
  3. ‘sc’
    • Write ‘sce’ as 셰 sye, ‘sci’ as 시 si, and otherwise write as 스ㅋ seuk.
      • crescendo 크레셴도 keuresyendo
      • scivolo 시볼로 sibollo
      • Tosca 토스카 Toseuka
      • scudo 스쿠도 seukudo
  4. Write doubled consonants as if they were not doubled. However, write ‘-mm-, -nn-‘ as ㅁㅁ mm, ㄴㄴ nn.
      • Puccini 푸치니 Puchini
      • buffa 부파 bupa
      • allegretto 알레그레토 allegeureto
      • carro 카로 karo
      • rosso 로소 roso
      • mezzo 메초 mecho
      • gomma 곰마 gomma
      • bisnonno 비스논노 biseunonno
  5. ‘c, g’
    1. Write ‘c’ and ‘g’ in front of ‘e’ or ‘i’ as ㅊ ch and ㅈ j respectively.
      • cenere 체네레 chenere
      • genere 제네레 jenere
      • cima 치마 chima
      • gita 지타 jita
    2. When ‘c’ and ‘g’ are followed by ‘ia’, ‘io’, ‘iu’, write as 차 cha, 초 cho, 추 chu and 자 ja, 조 jo, 주 ju respectively.
      • caccia 카차 kacha
      • micio 미초 micho
      • ciuffo 추포 chupo
      • giardino 자르디노 jareudino
      • giorno 조르노 joreuno
      • giubba 주바 juba
  6. ‘qu’
    • Combine ‘qu’ with the following vowel and write 콰 kwa, 퀘 kwe, 퀴 kwi, etc. However, write it as 쿠 ku before ‘o’.
      • soqquadro 소콰드로 sokwadeuro
      • quello 퀠로 kwello
      • quieto 퀴에토 kwieto
      • quota 쿠오타 kuota
  7. ‘l, ll’
    • Write ‘l, ll’ as a syllable coda word-finally or before a consonant, and write word-medial ‘l, ll’ as ㄹㄹ ll before a vowel.
      • sol 솔 sol
      • polca 폴카 polka
      • Carlo 카를로 Kareullo
      • quello 퀠로 kwello

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