Press "Enter" to skip to content

Romanian

Comparison table of Romanian letters and hangul

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Consonants

LetterHangul: before vowelHangul: before consonant or word-finalExamples
bbbeubibliotecă 비블리오테커 bibeulliotekeo, alb 알브 albeu.
ck, ㅊ chk, 크 keuCîntec 큰테크 Keuntekeu, Cine 치네 Chine, factură 팍투러 paktureo.
dddeuMoldova 몰도바 Moldoba, Brad 브라드 Beuradeu.
fppeuFocșani 폭샤니 Poksyani, Cartof 카르토프 Kareutopeu.
gg, ㅈ jgeuGalați 갈라치 Gallachi, Gigel 지젤 Jijel, hering 헤린그 herin’geu.
hhheuhațeg 하체그 hachegeu, duh 두흐 duheu.
jjjiJiu 지우 Jiu, Cluj 클루지 Keulluji.
kkkilogram 킬로그람 killogeuram.
lr, ㄹㄹ lllbibliotecă 비블리오테커 bibeulliotekeo, hotel 호텔 hotel.
mmmMaramureș 마라무레슈 Maramuresyu, Avram 아브람 Abeuram.
nnn, 느 neuNucet 누체트 Nucheteu, Bran 브란 Beuran, pumn 품느 pumneu.
ppp, 프 peupianist 피아니스트 pianiseuteu, septembrie 셉템브리에 septembeurie, cap 카프 kapeu.
rrreuradio 라디오 radio, dor 도르 doreu.
ssseuSibiu 시비우 Sibiu, pas 파스 paseu.
ș시* si/sysyușag 샤그 syageu, Mureș 무레슈 Muresyu.
ttteutelefonist 텔레포니스트 telleponiseuteu, bilet 빌레트 billeteu.
țchcheuțigară 치가러 chigareo, braț 브라츠 beuracheu.
vbbeuVictoria 빅토리아 Biktoria, Brașov 브라쇼브 Beurasyobeu.
x**ㄱㅅ ks, 그ㅈ geuj크스 keuseu, ㄱ스 kseutaxi 탁시 taksi, examen 에그자멘 egeujamen.
zjjeuziar 지아르 jiareu, autobuz 아우토부즈 autobujeu.
chjCheia 케이아 Keia.
ghgGheorghe 게오르게 Ge’oreuge.

Vowels

LetterHangulExamples
aaArad 아라드 Aradeu.
ăeoBacău 바커우 Bakeou.
eeElena 엘레나 Ellena.
iipianist 피아니스트 pianiseuteu.
î, âeuCîmpina 큼피나 Keumpina, România 로므니아 Romeunia.
ooOradea 오라데아 Oradea.
uuNucet 누체트 Nucheteu.

* When 시 si for ‘ș’ is combined with a following vowel, write them as one syllable.
** For ‘x’, choose the hangul transcription based on each individual case.

Transcription of Romanian

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Follow the table and transcribe according to the following specificities.

  1. ‘c, p’
    • Write with 으 eu attached word-finally and before a voiced consonant, and as a syllable coda before a voiceless consonant.
      • cap 카프 kapeu
      • Cîntec 큰테크 Keuntekeu
      • factură 팍투러 paktureo
      • septembrie 셉템브리에 septembeurie
  2. ‘c, g’
    • Write ‘c, g’ as ㅊ ch, ㅈ j respectively before ‘e, i’ and as ㅋ k, ㄱ g before other vowels.
      • cap 카프 kapeu
      • centru 첸트루 chenteuru
      • Galați 갈라치 Gallachi
      • Gigel 지젤 Jijel
  3. ‘l’
    • Write word-medial ‘l’ as ㄹㄹ ll before a vowel.
      • clei 클레이 keullei
  4. ‘n’
    • Write ‘n’ with 으 eu attached word-finally after ‘m’.
      • lemn 렘느 remneu
      • pumn 품느 pumneu
  5. ‘e’
    • Write ‘e’ as 에 e, but in the personal pronouns and verbs ‘este’, ‘era’, etc. write the word-initial ‘e’ as 예 ye.
      • Emil 에밀 Emil
      • eu 예우 ye’u
      • el 옐 yel
      • este 예스테 yeseute
      • era 예라 yera

Loanword Transcription Rules | Principles | English, German, French | Spanish | Italian | Japanese | Chinese | Polish | Czech | Serbo-Croatian | Romanian | Hungarian | Swedish | Norwegian | Danish | Malay/Indonesian | Thai | Vietnamese | Portuguese | Dutch | Russian | Other languages, Latin, Greek

Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Reddit