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Chinese

Comparison table of Chinese phonetic symbols and hangul

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

[ ] is the transcription in case it is pronounced on its own.
( ) is the transcription in case it is preceded by a consonant.

PinyinZhuyinHangul
Bilabial
bb
pp
mm
Labiodental
fp
Denti-alveolar
dd
tt
nn
lr
Velar
gg
kk
hh
Alveolo-palatal
jj
qch
xs
Retroflex
zh [zhi]j [즈 jeu]
ch [chi]ch [츠 cheu]
sh [shi]s [스 seu]
r [ri]r [르 reu]
Dental sibilant
z [zi]jj [쯔 jjeu]
c [ci]ch [츠 cheu]
s [si]ss [쓰 sseu]
PinyinZhuyinHangul
Monophthong
aa
oo
eeo
êe
yi (i)i
wu (u)u
yu (u)wi
Diphthong
ai아이 ai
ei에이 ei
ao아오 ao
ou어우 eou
Nasal coda
anan
eneon
angang
engeong
Rhotic coda
er (r)eol
Composite rimes
[j]-glide
ya (ia)ㄧㄚya
yoㄧㄛyo
ye (ie)ㄧㄝye
yaiㄧㄞ야이 yai
yao (iao)ㄧㄠ야오 yao
you (iou, iu)ㄧㄡyu
yan (ian)ㄧㄢyen
yin (in)ㄧㄣin
yang (iang)ㄧㄤyang
ying (ing)ㄧㄥing
[w]-glide
wa (ua)ㄨㄚwa
wo (uo)ㄨㄛwo
wai (uai)ㄨㄞ와이 wai
wei (ui)ㄨㄟ웨이 wei (우이 u’i)
wan (uan)ㄨㄢwan
wen (un)ㄨㄣwon (운 un)
wang (uang)ㄨㄤwang
weng (ong)ㄨㄥwong (웅 ung)
[ɥ]-glide
yue (ue)ㄩㄝwe
yuan (uan)ㄩㄢ위안 wian
yun (un)ㄩㄣwin
yong (iong)ㄩㄥyung

Transcription of Chinese

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Follow the table and transcribe according to the following specificities.

  1. Do not distinguish tones in writing.
  2. j, ㅉ jj, ㅊ ch
    • Write the sounds ㅑ ya, ㅖ ye, ㅛ yo, ㅠ yu as ㅏ a, ㅔ e, ㅗ o, ㅜ u after the consonants written as ㅈ j, ㅉ jj, ㅊ ch (ㄐ j, ㄓ zh, ㄗ z, ㄑ q, ㄔ ch, ㄘ c).
      • ㄐㄧㄚ jiajya → 자 ja
      • ㄐㄧㄝ jiejye → 제 je

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