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Spanish

Comparison table of Spanish letters and hangul

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Consonants

LetterHangul: before vowelHangul: before consonant or word-finalExamples
bbbeubiz 비스 biseu, blandon 블란돈 beullandon, braceo 브라세오 beurase’o.
ck, ㅅ sk, 크 keucolcren 콜크렌 kolkeuren, Cecilia 세실리아 Sesillia, coccion 콕시온 koksion, bistec 비스텍 biseutek, dictado 딕타도 diktado.
chchchicharra 치차라 chichara.
dddeufelicidad 펠리시다드 pellisidadeu.
fppeufuga 푸가 puga, fran 프란 peuran.
gg, ㅎ hgeuganga 강가 gangga, geologia 헤올로히아 he’ollohia, yungla 융글라 yunggeulla.
hhipo 이포 ipo, quehacer 케아세르 keasereu.
jhjueves 후에베스 huebeseu, reloj 렐로 rello.
kkkeukapok 카포크 kapokeu.
lr, ㄹㄹ llllacrar 라크라르 rakeurareu, Lulio 룰리오 Rullio, ocal 오칼 okal.
ll이* i/yllama 야마 yama, lluvia 유비아 yubia.
mmmmembrete 멤브레테 membeurete.
nnnnoche 노체 noche, flan 플란 peullan.
ñ니* ni/nyñoñez 뇨녜스 nyonyeseu, mañana 마냐나 manyana
ppp, 프 peupepsina 펩시나 pepsina, plantón 플란톤 peullanton.
qkquisquilla 키스키야 kiseukiya.
rrreurascador 라스카도르 raseukadoreu.
ssseusastreria 사스트레리아 saseuteureria.
ttteutetraetro 테트라에트로 teteura’eteuro.
vbviudedad 비우데다드 biudedadeu.
xs, ㄱㅅ ksㄱ스 kseuxenón 세논 senon, laxante 락산테 raksante, yuxta 육스타 yukseuta.
zsseuzagal 사갈 sagal, liquidez 리키데스 rikideseu.

Semivowels

LetterHangulExamples
w오·우* o, u/wwalkirias 왈키리아스 walkiriaseu.
y이* i/yyungla 융글라 yunggeulla.

Vowels

LetterHangulExamples
aabraceo 브라세오 beurase’o.
eereloj 렐로 rello.
iiLulio 룰리오 Rullio.
ooocal 오칼 okal.
uuviudedad 비우데다드 biudedadeu.

* When 이 i, 니 ni, 오 o, 우 u for ‘ll, y, ñ, w’ are combined with vowels, write them as one syllable.

Transcription of Spanish

This is an unofficial translation. See the original in Korean on the National Institute of the Korean Language website.

Follow the table and transcribe according to the following specificities.

  1. ‘gu, qu’
    • Write ‘gu, qu’ as ㄱ g, ㅋ k respectively before ‘i, e’ and as 구 gu, 쿠 ku before ‘o’. However, before ‘a’, write as 과 gwa, 콰 kwa in combination with that ‘a’.
      • guerra 게라 gera
      • queso 케소 keso
      • Guipuzcoa 기푸스코아 Gipuseukoa
      • quisquilla 키스키야 kiseukiya
      • antiguo 안티구오 antiguo
      • Quorem 쿠오렘 Kuorem
      • Nicaragua 니카라과 Nikaragwa
      • Quarai 콰라이 Kwarai
  2. When the same consonant occurs twice in a row, write it as if it were not doubled. However, write -cc- as ㄱㅅ ks.
      • carrera 카레라 karera
      • carreterra 카레테라 karetera
      • accion 악시온 aksion
  3. ‘c, g’
    • If ‘c’ and ‘g’ are followed by vowels ‘e’ or ‘i’, write ‘c’ as ㅅ s and ‘g’ as ㅎ h, and otherwise write them as ㅋ k and ㄱ g respectively.
      • Cecilia 세실리아 Sesillia
      • cifra 시프라 sipeura
      • georgico 헤오르히코 he’oreuhiko
      • giganta 히간타 higanta
      • coquito 코키토 kokito
      • gato 가토 gato
  4. ‘x’
    • If ‘x’ is followed by a vowel, write it as ㅅ s if it is word-initial and ㄱㅅ ks if is word-medial.
      • xilofono 실로포노 sillopono
      • laxante 락산테 raksante
  5. ‘l’
    • Write ‘l’ as syllable coda ㄹ l word-finally or before a consonant, and write ‘l’ as ㄹㄹ ll if it comes between vowels.
      • ocal 오칼 okal
      • colcren 콜크렌 kolkeuren
      • blandon 블란돈 beullandon
      • Cecilia 세실리아 Sesillia
  6. ‘nc, ng’
    • Write ‘n’ before ‘c’ or ‘g’ as syllable coda ㅇ ng.
      • blanco 블랑코 beullangko
      • yungla 융글라 yunggeulla

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